Ancient Rome was to be found on the Tiber River in Italy, exactly where Rome, Italy, now stands today. The earliest rulers of Rome were the Etruscans, a fierce tribe who controlled the Latins for about one hundred years. After the Etruscan rule ended, the Romans set up a form of government called a republic. In this system the people elect their own leaders. Despite the importance that the Romans attached to the foundation of their city, it is difficult to determine what the true story was, since no contemporary account survives, and the later ones are heavily weighted with propagandistic purposes. Archaeological evidence can tell us that the site of Rome was inhabited from at least 1000 BC, from which time graves exist. The archaeological evidence also suggests that, starting from around 700 BC, the population increased very rapidly and the first signs of major urban structures in stone began to appear. It is better to know when in rome, do as the romans do before visit this best ancient city.

Possibly more than any single person up to this time other than the first emperor, Augustus, was responsible for changing the city of Rome. One of his famous quotations is “I found the city made of brick and left it made of marble,” and there is a good deal of truth to this statement. Roman citizens were formally divided into two groups, the patricians and the plebeians. This distinction went back to the earliest days of Rome, when the society was dominated by a small number of wealthy landowning families who collectively became known as the patricians, literally, “the fathers.” This dominance became institutionalized in laws that stated that only patricians were eligible to hold high political office.

Culture, places and festivals in Rome:

Here woman is supposed to spend most of her time within the confines of the household. Back in time when upper-class women used to venture out of the house to visit the marketplace, the baths, temples, women friends they are often transported in curtained palkis carried by slaves, both to avoid the filth in the streets and to stay concealed and unseen in public.

One popular Roman holiday was the Saturnalia. Originally an agricultural festival held during the winter solstice, it was meant particularly to honor the god Saturn, who was associated with grain and the growing of wheat. The Saturnalia initially was held just after the last wheat crop of the year was sown. Another popular holiday, which fell on the 15th of February, seems to have been a festival somehow associated with the story of Romulus and Remus, the legendary founders of Rome who were raised by a wolf. The name of this festival was the Lupercalia. One of the more serious festivals, held on the 9th, 11th, and 13th of May, was called the Lemuria. This was a ceremony intended to appease spirits of the dead who were walking the earth, often because they had died an untimely death. These wandering ghosts were called lemurs.

The largest and most famous amphitheater is, of course, the one today known as the Colosseum, although its proper name is the Flavian Amphitheater after the family of emperors who built it in the late first century AD.

The Circus Maximus was without a doubt the largest stadium in Rome. It was a third of a mile long and could seat potentially up to 350,000 spectators. Unlike the Flavian Amphitheater, whose 55,000 seats would have been largely occupied by the upper classes, the size of the Circus Maximus meant that all segments of Roman society could attend races. Admission is free or for a nominal fee.